The Authority’s Stations: West and North Wales 

3 August 2023 tbs.pm/79124

19, 20 & 21 WEST AND NORTH WALES

PRESELY (Channel 8) ARFON (Channel 10) MOEL-Y-PARC (Channel 11)

Company: Wales (West and North) Television

 

Coverage map for Teledu Cymru

 

  PRESELY ARFON MOEL-Y-PARC
Population
within predicted contours
Primary 0.091 mn. Secondary 0.134 mn. Fringe 0.356 mn. Total 0.581 mn. Primary 0.083 mn. Secondary 0.033 mn. Fringe 0.027 mn. Total 0.143 mn. Primary 0.132 mn. Secondary 0.145 mn. Fringe 0.057 mn. Total 0.334 mn.
Channel Band III Channel 8 (horizontally polarised) Band III Channel 10 (horizontally polarised) Band III Channel 11 (vertically polarised)
Vision Carrier Frequency Nominal 189.75 Mc/s
Actual 189.75675 Mc/s
Nominal 199.75 Mc/s
Actual 199.74725 Mc/s
Nominal 204.75 Mc/s
Actual 204.75675 Mc/s
Sound Carrier Frequency Nominal 186.25 Mc/s
Actual 186.27 Mc/s
Nominal 196.25 Mc/s
Actual 196.2605 Mc/s
Nominal 201.25 Mc/s
Actual 201.27 Mc/s
Effective Radiated Power Vision 100 kW maximum
Sound 25 kW maximum
Vision 10 kW maximum
Sound 2.5 kW maximum
Vision 25 kW maximum
Sound 6.25 kW maximum
Power of Transmitters Vision (peak white) 5 kW
Sound (carrier) 1.25 kW
Vision (peak white) 2 x 0.5 kW
Sound (carrier) 2 x 1.025 kW
Vision (peak white) 2 x 0.5 kW
Sound (carrier) 2 x 0.125 kW
Heights above sea level Site 1,100 ft. Mean aerial 1,875 ft. Site 950 ft. Mean aerial 1,925 ft. Site 1,115 ft. Mean aerial 1,815 ft.
Location 4° 39′ 35″ W. 51° 56′ 30″ N. 4° 16′ 10″ W. 53° 1′ 10″ N. 3° 18′ 48″ W. 53° 13′ 15″ N.

 

 

This group of stations was planned to bring Independent Television programmes to the Welsh-speaking populations of West and North Wales, including the area bordering on Cheshire which contains the towns of Denbigh, Mold and Wrexham. The populated areas are mainly along the west coast from Pembroke to Anglesey, and on the north coast from Conway and Llandudno to Prestatyn.

The technical problem was unusually complicated. It has been solved by the establishment of three stations, one on the Prescelly mountains in Pembrokeshire, one on the Lleyn Peninsula, and one on the Clwydian Range of mountains in the Flint-Denbigh area. This plan departed considerably from an earlier one based on sites previously selected for BBC Band I stations.

A site for the Presely station was found at Foel Drych 1,100 ft. above sea level, where a 770 ft. mast was sufficient to give the required coverage, although the radiation pattern of the transmitting aerial had to be extremely complicated. A narrow beam radiating 80 kW to the north was required to ensure a reliable programme link to the Arfon relay station. A beam of 100 kW to the south-east, in the direction of Carmarthen and Llanelly, was necessary to ensure that the service area of Presely joined that of St. Hilary; and a broad lobe of 50 kW to the south-west was needed to serve Pembrokeshire. At the same time severe power restrictions had to be incorporated in several directions to avoid co-channel interference in the service areas of the ITA’s transmitters at Strabane, Burnhope and Lichfield, the Kilkenny station of the Irish Republic, and the French stations serving the coast of Brittany. Intensive development was necessary to construct an aerial with this complicated radiation pattern.

The unattended Arfon station, which rebroadcasts the Presely transmissions, is at Bryn-y-Chain, ten miles south of Caernarvon, 950 ft. above sea level. A 1,000 ft. mast was used to “see” over the mountains of Portmadoc to the coast of Cardigan Bay from Harlech to Barmouth, and to ensure the link with the service area of Presely. A directional aerial was again necessary. 10 kW is radiated to the north and south-west, 5 kW to the east and south-east, and 2.5 kW to the west.

The third station is at Moel-y-Parc, a peak in the Clwydian Range 1,100 ft. above sea level, and serves the North Wales area. A 750 ft. mast was found adequate to reach the coastal resorts from Conway to Prestatyn, which are shielded by mountains close to the coast. The radiation pattern of the transmitting aerial is approximately semicircular, 25 kW being radiated from south-east to north-west with reduced power to the north and east. This was necessary to cover the Welsh areas but to avoid overlap with English areas already served by Winter Hill. Moel-y-Parc rebroadcasts the transmissions from the Arfon station, conveyed to it by an “off the air” pick-up at Nebo, in Anglesey, followed by a microwave link.

All three stations for the west and north of the Principality will be in programme service before the end of 1962.

 

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