Copyright and Privacy 

14 June 2014

Last updated: 2 September 2022


Address for public or legal correspondence:

Transdiffusion Broadcasting System
United Kingdom

Tel: 03333 391 247
Email us


The Transdiffusion Broadcasting System and its websites and affiliated websites acknowledge all copyrights. All efforts have been made to correctly attribute copyright on the material on these websites. Please contact us if such attribution is incorrect or absent and we will rectify the situation.

The material on the Transdiffusion and affiliated sites is from our own archive of broadcasting presentation and is in the copyright of the original holder or their successor organisations. All material is provided for educational and instructional use on a non-profit making basis only. Transdiffusion provides this material as a representation of the original and not as the original itself.

All material is taken from one or more of the Transdiffusion Archives or other private collections and is therefore owned by the appropriate archivist. The original media are also owned by the original archivist.

The Transdiffusion group of websites report on and document current and historical events and developments in the world of broadcasting. As such we regard, and have been duly advised, that our use of materials lawfully recorded or captured off-air or otherwise made available to us, or created to represent such materials, constitutes “fair dealing” under UK law, specifically the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 and associated Statutory Instruments, as they are presented for educational purposes such as research or private study, for reporting current or historical events, and for criticism or review, on a non-commercial, not-for-profit basis. (see “Guidelines for Fair Dealing in an Electronic Environment“, Joint Information Systems Committee and Publishers Association 1998.) If you regard any elements present on any of the sites under our direct control as exceeding such guidelines, please let us know and we will take appropriate action.

The Transdiffusion Broadcasting System has asserted its moral right to be identified as the author of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Design and Patents Act 1988.

Compilation copyright on all pages is held by the Transdiffusion Broadcasting System.

All rights reserved. No part of this website may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission of the copyright owner, unless to be so used in a state-recognised educational environment or course.

‘Transdiffusion’, the ‘Transdiffusion Broadcasting System’, the ‘National Radiotape Network’, ‘Transdiffusion Networking Association’, ‘Transdiffusion Radiotape Network’, ‘Associated-Transdiffusion’ and the Transdiffusion name and indicia are © 1964 Christopher Bowden-Smith.

The Transdiffusion triangular device is © 1982 Jonathan Tarrant and the Transdiffusion Broadcasting System with later design work by Mike Brown, jointly and severally

The text of some original articles by modern authors are available under a Creative Commons licence. Contact us if you wish to reuse, for free, the text of an article from a modern day author.

This website and our subsidiary websites under our direct control are provided ‘as is’. No liability is accepted for your use or misuse of our sites.



Each article has a “Report an Error” link. We act on all reports of errors and publicly admit to them, although we reserve the right to correct obvious typos and transcription errors silently. Articles may be amended at any time to correct a reported error through that link or in any comments, but we don’t guarantee that we will do so, especially in cases where the ‘error’ is subjective or a matter of opinion. Abuse, point-scoring or death threats – yes, this has happened – due to a typo or transcription error will be treated as abuse and may result in you being banned from commenting or even visiting our websites. Threats of violence are always referred to the appropriate authorities.


Comments and suggestions

Our websites are put together by human beings with human feelings. Be nice.



Modern trademarks are claimed over some of the symbols/logos that feature in this work. Whilst we do not acknowledge any rights over these marks in their historical usage and claim “fair dealing” (as specified above), we note the following:

  • Southern Television’s logos are claimed as the property of Nic Ayling and are used with permission.
  • TV-am archive material is the property of Getty Images and is used with permission of Moving Image, a previous rightsholder.
  • The TVS symbol and wordmark is claimed as the property of TVS Television and is used with permission.
  • The ATV symbol is claimed as the property of Associated Television Productions Limited and is used with permission.



We believe that all our contributors and readers are entitled to privacy as they use our pages.

Email The Content Management System (CMS) used by this site requires your email address if you make a comment as a method of preventing abuse. This is stored within the CMS itself but is otherwise unused for any purpose and is only accessible to the site’s administrators. Email addresses in the body of a comment will be munged.

Advertising Our main site does not feature paid-for advertising that we benefit from, but we reserve the right to use affiliate links to connect, for instance, programme titles with retail DVDs of the programme in question, or when we recommend books. Subsidiary sites may contain paid-for advertising or affiliate links that we benefit from. All monies generated this way are used directly to benefit Transdiffusion’s operations and are never used by any individual for personal gain.

Cookies are a method by which a small text file (usually readable with a text editor) is stored on your computer in order to identify you to the web server at a later date. We currently do not do that on our main site or most of our subsidiary sites. Interactive or embedded elements may set cookies according to the originators’ own rules. Such elements should declare a cookie policy and provide a link for further information. For advice on how to remove cookies, we recommend this website (which itself sets cookies for some reason).

IP Addresses The internet works by giving each server and user a unique number – referred to as an IP Address – either permanently or on an ad-hoc basis. Our servers use IP Addresses in 3 ways: to provide the pages your web browser has requested; emails (and web form entries) sent to us generally record automatically the IP Address of the sender; our servers record the IP Addresses of those who visit in case of abuse, but we don’t link the address with specific users unless we detect abuse in the first place. We reserve the right to block your IP Address, your ISP or your entire country from accessing our websites if you abuse our systems, our content or our writers. Threats of violence are always referred to the appropriate authorities.

Web browsers (eg Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge etc) report back certain information to our servers. This information is pretty anonymous – browser type, screen resolution, operating system – and this anonymous data is used by us to make sure we’re not producing pages that the majority can’t read.

Your browser also sends us slightly more specific information. This includes the page that referred you to us, any terms you used in a search engine to find us and which search engine you used, and which pages you visited whilst you were touring our sites (though not where you went afterwards, or unlinked sites you visited beforehand). We use this information to track the popularity of articles on our sites, the most popular search engines and what people are searching for. This information, although more specific, is still anonymous. We can’t and, frankly, don’t want to identify you personally with it.


This page last revised 2 September 2022. The revision was: “added telephone number, improved spacing, corrected 1 spelling error”

A member of the Transdiffusion Broadcasting System
Liverpool, Friday 14 June 2024