U.S.S.R. Broadcasting 

24 August 2022 tbs.pm/76462

 

World-Radio cover

From World-Radio for 30 August 1935

STATISTICS issued by the All-Union Radio Committee, Moscow, show that the total transmissions — including experimental television broadcasts and special sessions — from all the stations in Moscow, over a period of twelve months, comprised 11,224.4 hours. This total was made up as follows :

  • General entertainment, 6,722.9 hours (59.9 per cent.).
  • Educational, 715.5 hours (6.4 per cent.).
  • Information and news, 737.3 hours (6.6 per cent.).
  • Social propaganda, 1,114.5 hours (9.9 per cent.).
  • Miscellaneous, 1,934.2 hours (17.2 per cent.).

Other statistics show that 19.3 per cent, of the musical sessions was devoted to opera. Some of the operas that were given the greatest number of times w’ere : The Tales of Hoffmann, Rigolettoy Carmen, The Barber of Seville, and La Traviata. Composers whose works were most frequently presented were: Tchaikovsky (1,530 times), Rimsky-Korsakov (986), Johann Strauss (821), Schubert (690), Beethoven (645), Glinka (629), Chopin (620), Grieg (582), Mozart (563), and Rossini (551). Dance music occupied only 3.7 per cent of the musical programmes, jazz being the predominating type. A greater percentage of time was devoted to vocal items than to orchestral performances, and 4,000 songs, representative of the various nationalities in the U.S.S.R., were broadcast.

 

Pie chart of programme hours

 

The programmes, in the main, reveal few outstanding changes. One innovation, however, is a “microphone at large” series, which is incorporated in “le journal parlé” section, and a number of interesting commentaries have been given by the “microphone traveller.” These have included broadcasts from the Peter and Paul Fortress, Leningrad; from under the sea, when the commentator descended in a diver’s outfit; from a parachute, when the transmitter was fastened to the envelope of the parachute, the microphone on the parachutist’s helmet, and the aerial on his clothing; and from the Park of Rest and Culture, Moscow. For the last-named occasion the “traveller” carried a small transmitter on his shoulder, and his commentary was broadcast direct from substations erected in the park.

 

Bar chart of composers

 

Technical developments have been chiefly in the field of television, and experimental high-definition broadcasts are being made frequently from the Moscow station, VZSPS. The possibilities of broadcasting cinema films on vision are being tested at Leningrad. The research department has designed a new all-wave receiver, known as CRL-8, which, it is stated, brings in the shortwave stations in Australia. Receivers, it is interesting to record, have been installed on the pleasure steamers on the river Volga.

C. W. L.

 

Transmitter in snow

VCSPS transmitter building

 

A family of three sit around a receiver operated by a man in headphones

Peasants in the Volga district during their rest interval while in the fields at the spring sowing

 

A Transdiffusion Presentation

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